Places to visit

Baliem Valley Festival

Overview

Baliem Valley Festival
The main tribes inhabiting the beautiful Bali em Valley in the central highlands of Papua are the Dani, the Yali and the Lani. Although now modernized, the Dani still strongly adhere to their traditions and customs, most notably the dress of the men. Even in this cool mountain climate, men wear only a penis gourd, known as koteka, though complemented with elaborate headdress of bird of paradise or cassowary feathers, while the women wear grass or fern fiber skirts  (sali or saly) slung around the waist. And to carry pigs or the harvest of sweet potatoes, women carry a string bag, called noken, slung from their forehead.

To defend their villages or to raid others to avenge for tribe members killed, the Dani practiced regular warfare. However, anthropologists note that the “Dani wars” are more a display of prowess and opulence of dress and decoration rather than an all out war to kill the enemy. Dani warfare displays competence and exuberance, rather than the wish to kill.  Weapons used are long spears, measuring 4.5 meters, and bows and arrows. Most often, therefore, there are more wounded than killed, and the wounded are quickly carried off the field.

Nowadays, Dani mock battles are held yearly at the Baliem Valley Festival in Wamena during the month of August (see Calendar of Events).  At this feast, which has as its highlight the mock battles among the tribes, the Dani, Yali, and Lani send their best warriors to the arena, wearing their best regalia. The festival is complemented with a Pig Feast, Earth cooking and traditional music and dance. 

There are also arts and crafts exhibited or for sale. Each tribe will come with their own identity, and one can see clear differences among them and identify tribes according to their costume especially the penis gourds each wears. The Dani men usually wear only a small koteka (penis gourd / penis cover), while the Lani tribesmen wear larger koteka’s, since their bodies are bigger than the average Dani, while the Yali wear long slender kotekas held by a rattan belt, strapped at the waist.

By attending the massive Baliem Valley Festival, visitors will have a rare chance to learn and experience firsthand the different traditions of each tribe participating in the Festival without having to make the difficult trek to their compounds deep in the hinterland of West Papua .

To Stay

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Hotel Rannu Jaya 2

Jalan Gatot Subroto No. 50, Wamena Wamena

Hotel Srikandi

Jalan Irian No 16 99511 Wamena

Hotel Nayak

Jalan Gatot Subroto No 63 99511 Wamena

Baliem Pilamo Hotel

Jalan Trikora No 114 Wamena Jayawijaya Wamena

Hotel Mas Budi

Jl Pattimura No 32 99511 Wamena

Hotel Rannu Jaya 1

Jalan Trikora No. 109, Wamena Wamena

Hotel Timika Indah

Jl. Jend. Ahmad Yani 99910 Manokwari

Hotel Metta Star

Jl Raya Kemiri, Sentani, 99532 Abepura

Swiss-Belhotel Papua

Pusat Bisnis Jayapura Jayapura

Hotel New Season and Cafe

Jalan Raya Abepura no 7, Entrop Jayapura, 99111 Jayapura

Horison Jayapura

Jalan Percetakan Negara II no 2 Jayapura, 99111 Jayapura

Hotel Horison Jayapura

Jl. Percetakan II, No. 2 Jayapura

To Stay

The mock battles can be staged at different venues. Usually it is held at the Kurulu Village or at Wosilimo, some 27 kilometers from Wamena. Since the venue is not very far, you can stay overnight at Wamena. However, it is recommended that you book a package via a tour operator who  will arrange your trip and secure definite transportation and accommodation. (Click on: Find Hotel)

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